Fill a shaker with ice cubes. Add all ingredients. Shake and strain into a chilled highball glass filled with ice cubes. Garnish with lime.
The cocktail has been said to have originated at the Planters Hotel in Charleston, SC, but the recipe originates in Jamaica. The September 1878 issue of the London magazine Fun listed the recipe as follows: "A wine-glass with lemon juice fill, of sugar the same glass fill twice / Then rub them together until / The mixture looks smooth, soft, and nice. / Of rum then three wine glasses add, / And four of cold water please take. A Drink then you'll have that's not bad — / At least, so they say in Jamaica."